(THE GAELIC DIALECT OF THE MACKAY COUNTRY)
|Steven headstone, Watten
from the fact that just about all my mother’s people hailed from the
north-eastern tip of Scotland. They were Gàidheil (Gaels) and Goill (Lowlanders),
some speaking Gàilig (Scottish Gaelic) and some Beurla Ghallta
(Lowland Scots). Despite all of that linguistic richness in my background, you
would never have known from speaking to the infant me. I was brought up in a
nominally British household, where my mother and father had little or no
interest in culture of any kind other than classical music and English poetry
and I was taught to speak the perfectly enunciated tongue with barely the
slightest hint of a Scottish accent.
Caithness once more. My reason for the detour north-east was the burying of my
mother, Marjorie Steven’s ashes in Cladh Bhatain (Watten Cemetery) and
the completion of the final chapter of the Caithness saga which has grown ever
more important the older I’ve become. The connection may have been all but lost
had it not been for my grandmother Laura who passed away in 2009 at the superb
vintage of exactly 100 years old. She had a great amateur interest in history
and geneology and as I got older, started explaining to me about our people,
MacLeods from Latharn (Latheron). Her father Eathan MacLeòid (John
MacLeod) was disgusted that his own father Ceinneach (Kenneth) had never
passed on the Gaelic language before he died in 1902.
was considered infradig to speak the Gaelic. Her grandfather was a most
irascible man by all accounts who only spoke the language to his wife when he
didn’t want the children to understand. It was unthinkable not to pass it on,
she said, but that’s what happened. All my father knew were three phrases, madainn
mhath (good morning), slàinte mhath (good health) and oidhche
mhath (good night) which she pronounced /ɛçə va/.
encouraged me wholesale to try it myself. This was a late addition to the
picture of my identity on which I received not a sausage of an education until
I was in my early-mid teens. I didn’t even know my father’s folk were almost
100% Irish until the same grandmother told me. Jimmy had never cracked a
light and it had taken his mother-in-law to fill his son in on what most of us
would consider a crucial fact about who a person is. And so I hadn’t the
foggiest idea of where I came from, how my ancestors had lived or the fact that
they hadn’t been native English speakers until I was about 13 years old. You
could happily call me a walking tabula rasa.
the very southernmost edge of my ancestors’ range. My 4x great-grandmother Ròs
Nic a’ Phearsain (Rose MacPherson) was from this area, the landscape a
stark one, almost artificial-looking hills scraped practically naked, clad only
in a low covering of conasg (gorse). Stoney fields stretch down towards
the sea which is often separated from the land only by sheer cliffs. Apart from
the rigs 20 miles out into the gloom, your next stop is Norway. This is the
view my people had when they were cleared from the glens that ran off this
coast and were forced to learn a fresh living from the unknown art of salt
at the back of the village and got on my way up the coast, soon crossing the
border from Sutherland into Caithness. I was heading for the abode of my last
known relative in the area, the redoubtable Jamesina MacGonigill, a shepherd of
many years experience who still tends a flock in Am Bràigh Mór (the
Great Brae) where she remembered an older shepherd speaking solely in Gaelic to
his dogs. My 4x
great-grandfather Seumas Guinne (James Gunn) was cleared from his house in the glen and forced to carry his
daughter Seònaid (Janet) 20 miles to settle at the coast in Latheron
which became the nexus of our Gaelic-speaking ancestors for the following 100
years. The cliabh (herring creel) in which he carried Janet would have
been about all he knew of fishing upon arriving at the sea.
connects Latheron and Inbhir Theòrsa (Thurso) in her car and I followed
behind, preparing mentally for what lay ahead. Taking the turn-off, I passed
the old post-office which once sat next to Kenneth MacLeod’s shop.
The route over the moor is remarkably straight and I stole the odd glance off
to the west between keeping my eye on the road. I could see Sgoil Bhuilseach
(Boultach) in the far distance, where my great-grandfather was sent after his
irascible father had fallen out with the headmaster of the school at
Latheron. Travelling on past Leodabost (Leod’s Farm) the restored croft of
my Sùlanaich (Sutherlands), I looked across the moor to Smearal (Smerral)
out of which Clann Eanraig (Hendersons) had come. Had my grandmother not
kept such a sterling record of our geneology, I may never have known anything
about these people.
chance happened to have learned conversational Gaelic in my home district of Dail
Riada (Dalriada), in Ceann Loch Gilb (Lochgilphead) to be precise.
Although not speaking the dialect itself, he was able to give the ceremony at
the graveside an extra resonance by making use of the old language. I’m not
religious in the conventional sense and so this was for me the most significant
aspect of the blessing and a most appropriate nod to previous generations. I
also read a verse I’d written for my mother and her people the Stevens from
Bowermadden, meaning that homage was also done to the Scots-speaking contingent:
the local fuel station in Thurso. Although great to catch up with relatives and
friends, it had been an understandably emotional ride so far that day, a lot of
pent up grief spilling forth with the finality of the act. I struck out across
the moors in my car, feeling that the only way had to be up from here. I had
three days in which to gather my thoughts and track down the last vestiges of
the language in the mighty Dùthaich MhicAoidh (MacKay Country), Asainte
(Assynt) and Ros (Ross). I was not at all prepared for the road
taking as decidedly downward a slope as it did.
MacKenzie) was a postman in Wester Ross for many years and a warm, decent man
with a veritable fountain of knowledge that he was only too happy to share
patiently with me whenever I called on the phone. The reason for my contact
with him was Sony Pictures’ Outlander, an American TV series on which I
work whenever Gaelic language content is required. Roddie seemed genuinely pleased to
assist me whenever necessary as I had gone out of my way to make sure that Clann ‘icChoinnich (the MacKenzie clan) featured in this production would have
MacKenzie Gaelic. I can tell you that I was happy enough if I could get the
actors to sound like they weren’t from England or Lowland Scotland in terms of
accent; anything more inside the five weeks we had to get those six lovely
gents with not a word of Gaelic in their heads ready for the screen was a
bonus. I knew however, that despite the lads not being likely to manage Ross-shire
accents, what I could ensure was Ross-shire idiom and vocabulary. If Roy
Wentworth’s incredible dictionary Gaelic Words and Phrases from Wester Ross was my rock
during this process then Roddie was my staff. Between this hero of mainland
Gaelic preservation and one of his chief confidants I found my way through, one
way or another. I dialed Roddie’s number from my hands-free and was pleased to
hear his wife Alice on the other end.
|Aileas agas Ruairidh
taigh an ceartair? (oh just grand. I wonder is
Roddie at home just now?)
Òg-mhìos (oh I’m sorry, Roddie passed on in June)
and came off the phone, not wishing to bother her any further. The tears
flowed. I pulled in off the road feeling that I was about to burst with grief.
I had just buried my mum and now my great friend and guide, an exemplary human
being and Gael had departed this world. I had not been in contact for the best
part of a year due to personal circumstance. Mo chreach, a Ruairidh, tha mi
duilich! I shouted, as much at myself as at the sky, when the phone
suddenly rang out at my end this time. It was Alice calling back.
uabhasach math ri Ruairidh a bhith bridhinn riut. Bha e gu math toilichte do
chuideachadh (You should know that Roddie thoroughly enjoyed
speaking to you. He was very pleased to help you).
Spirits lifted. I stared at a hedge opposite the car as I made my
apologies. Tha mi cho duilich nach do chuir mi fón bho cheann fhada. Tha mi ‘n dòchas gu robh fios aig Ruairidh air cho mór agam ‘s a bha e (I am so
sorry I didn’t place a call for so long. I hope Roddie knew how highly I
dhomh·sa dianamh, na bith diùid ‘s tu cur fón” (oh yes. And if there’s anything I can do, don’t be shy in picking up
pretty crushed. I felt like I’d said goodbye to more Gaels than I could begin
to count over the last couple of years and of course this rate has no chance of
slowing up. It’s why I do what I do, why I try to encourage people at every
opportunity to value these wonderful individuals, because you turn around every
second month to find another person you knew, another history, another Gaelic speaker
gone for good and Scotland as ignorant of what it has lost as it ever was.
out before me was glorious, made even more so by the blooming fraoch (heather),
tame under a pale blue sky, but somehow still foreboding. It might just have been
the way I was feeling after that morning’s events, but hope was at a premium,
and my expectation of finding anyone left with the old dialect of this country
was extremely low.
(Farr) and the house of Uilleam Gòrdan (Billy Gordon), reputed to be
the village’s last habitually speaking Gael and a very knowledgeable man. I
arrived, coasting down the curious brae that leads into the settlement and back
up the other side like the return of a swinging pendulum. Into the shop I went
to enquire about Billy’s whereabouts and having purchased a mug to take home
with me I set off on a twenty minute ruith na cuthaige (cuckoo’s chase
i.e. wild goose chase) bobbing up and down the Bettyhill braes in my little
black Volkswagen and failing dismally to find the house. When I eventually got
there, I found only a brutag (caterpillar) on the sign of his house for
company, as Billy had just gone out. I closed the gate to his garden and got
back in my car. I let the car trundle down the road from Billy’s house.
|Brutag an Àird
that of the late, great Alasdair Seóras MacAoidh (Alick George MacKay)
of Taobh Mhealnais (Melness), the village to which I intended traveling next.
parents must have spoken it.
that seemed to be the death of the language in this area is more acute than
anywhere else I’ve been. The man continued wrestling his sheep about the small
field. It had been a crippling summer; if farmers had wanted to go swimming,
they would have gone to the baths in Thurso or taken to the sea, not traipsed
about in their own fields trying to earn a living.
(MacKay’s Kyle of Tongue) as opposed to Ceann an t-Saile MhicCoinnich
(MacKenzie’s Kintail) Sweeping across the Kyle over the causeway,
I was graced with breathtaking views on either side of me and the sense -as
always in the north of Scotland- of being somewhere very special. I got to
Melness with the book of MacKay Country Gaelic
wonderfully compiled by Seumas Grannd (James Grant) and a list of people
he had spoken to, some of whom might just still be with us and willing to help
me continue my education. Universities, colleges, schools, all have their
purpose, but nothing beats the company of those who have lived, and lived long.
grief leaves you feeling; ragged, tattered, knackered and a little numb. I
stepped into the local shop wondering if the game was up. I was sent straight
off down to An Srathan Shìos (East Strathan) and the house of one Seórdag
NicLeòid (Georgina MacLeod). The roads wound round like a tangle of old
hair and I had an inadvertent tour of the whole Melness end of Sutherland,
passing as I did, a pair of suspiciously helpful-looking elderly ladies in
their car. We waved politely as we allowed each other past and I thought
ruefully to myself: bu chòir dhomh stad ‘s an uinneag a chur a-sìos gus
bruidhinn riùcha! (I should have stopped and put down the window to speak
again. She had the Gaelic as a child, but was not in the way of speaking it. I
left her a nice lump of my wife’s tablet and went on my way. Georgina was also
unsure of anyone else in the Melness area who might speak it, in the earnest
opinion that they were all gone. I got to the crest of the hill with MacKay
Country spread out before me and decided I’d had enough.
drowning Sutherland mountains the last time I was here in the rain was
quietened to a gentle whisper in the mid-afternoon sun and the Gaelic had
clearly swallowed her own tongue and choked. I was fo mhulad air fad
(completely under sorrow) and sat trying to come to terms with the idea that
the mighty north-west Sutherland, land of the warlike MacKays who had made
their neighbours lives a misery whooping their way home with every second cow
in Caithness, had fallen silent. Is mairg leom an smaoin gu léir (The
whole idea of it is detestable) I thought, ach ‘s ann anns a’ chlamh
a-mhàin a gheobhar Gàilig Dhùthaich MhicAoidh an seo a-nis (tis in the
graveyard alone that you’ll find the MacKay Country Gaelic here now).
|Ceann an t-Sàile MhicAoidh ‘s an cladh
surface, then it was gone, an amorphous shape growing ever dimmer as it came to
rest on the sea bed. I slumped down with it into my chair, poised on the verge
of letting it all go again and having another quiet bleat to myself. As I did,
I suddenly thought: amadain! Cha do ghabh u fhé ‘s am fear sa bhùth beachd
air na h-ainmean ud! (you and the fella in the shop never actually looked
at the list!). I had forgotten to bring out Seumas Grannd’s book.
There might still be a chance.
round the narrow roads and pulled up once again at the shop, caring little for
the jaunty angle of my parked car as I emerged through the door to find the
slightly bemused shop staff as I suddenly brandished the list of
you’ve got to expect that. She’s away. OK, that makes sense, it has been
ten years. He’s away. Aye, OK, good old Alick George, I knew that right
enough. She’s away. This
isn’t going to get any better, is it? It’s all buggered, I might as well pack
up and go, I’m on a hiding to nothing, a fool’s errand, another wild goose
chase. Oh… she’s in!
down the road. I can do that. One more throw of the dice. Hoping against hope.
C’ mon you son of a gun, there’s got to be one!